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  1. Teeth Staining

    Cup of Coffee

     

    Teeth staining can ruin a great smile. The truth is, what you eat and drink has a big impact on the whiteness of your teeth.

    Food and drink that can stain your teeth

    Anything that leaves a mark on your clothes can also stain your teeth. Sadly, some well-loved favorites top the list:

    • Coffee
    • Tea
    • Red wine
    • Grape or cranberry juice
    • Blueberries
    • Soy sauce
    • Tomato sauce

     

    No need to panic!!  You don’t have to avoid these foods altogether but it is a good idea to brush or rinse your mouth thoroughly after enjoying them.

     

    Five ways to help reduce staining

    Drink through a straw. When you drink fizzy drinks, juice and iced coffee or tea, using a straw can help to keep the liquid away from the visible front surfaces of your teeth.

    Brush, floss and rinse. Plaque makes your teeth sticky and can help stains give something to hold on to. Brushing twice daily, flossing and using an antibacterial mouth rinse twice a day will help you fight plaque and therefore make your teeth less likely to stain.

    Have your teeth professionally cleaned. At least twice a year, make an appointment with a dental hygienist for a thorough cleaning. Clean teeth look brighter.

    Don’t smoke. Whether you chew it or smoke it, tobacco stains teeth.

    Professional Tooth Whitening: If your teeth have become stained or if they have always been discolored, whitening can transform their color quickly, painlessly and with no damage to the enamel.

    Remember, proper tooth care can help keep your teeth bright. So eat, drink, and be merry — and brush your teeth regularly.

    If you have stained teeth and would like it removed click here to book an appointment with your hygienist.

     


  2. Gum Disease

    Man Smiling

     

     

    Gum Disease is a dental condition caused by plaque. Plaque is a virtually invisible film of bacteria which forms on all surfaces of your teeth on a daily basis. If plaque is not removed regularly and a good oral hygiene regime established, it will start to have an adverse effect on your gums and subsequently on your teeth.

    Initially you may not realise that you have gum disease (also known as gingivitis) because not everyone will experience symptoms but a regular check up with your dentist will be able to confirm this.

    The symptoms of gum disease are red and swollen gums which can bleed when you brush your teeth; you may also have an unpleasant taste in your mouth and bad breath.

    If you are showing signs of any of these symptoms you should visit your dentist or hygienist who will be able to treat and advise you.

    Treatment will involve cleaning the teeth thoroughly and removing the plaque and calcified plaque known as tartar or calculus. You will be given oral hygiene instruction which will teach you how to toothbrush effectively and how to use dental floss and /or interdental brushes.

    There are other factors which can increase the possibility of you developing gum disease and they are smoking and diabetes which can cause a decreased blood supply to the gums, and hormonal changes to the body caused by pregnancy or puberty.

    It is important for you to prevent gum disease and for you to maintain good oral hygiene, therefore regular visits to your dentist/hygienist every 3-6 months for routine cleaning are recommended.

    Click here to book an appointment with your hygienist.


  3. Celebrity Smiles

    Smiling Lips

    The world of celebrity is now a commercial industry over and above the art or profession that brought the celebrity to fame in the first place! The things they say and the way they look is a carefully constructed business. Their entire lives are often redacted to portray a refined version of their true selves which is then drip fed to an eager public, eager to copy and emulate their hero.

    Important in that process is their smile which is constantly on offer to eager photographers and photojournalists. A celebrity smile portrays youthfulness and straight white teeth. There are many different and often inexpensive techniques that can help to create these smiles and listed below are just some of those available at the Dental Clinic – Radlett.

    Teeth whitening

    With the aid of simple whitening gels which are applied in custom made trays, your teeth can be lightened by up to 8 shades with no damage to your healthy tooth structure. When the only concern is the colour of your teeth, this technique can take years off your appearance.

    Cfast ™ cosmetic realignment

    When teeth are crooked and crowded, Cfast ™ can offer a quick way of straightening them. Using an appliance that is white and fixed to the teeth, your front teeth can be straightened in only 6 months, much quicker than conventional orthodontic treatment which can take up to 2 years.

    Porcelain Veneers

    Sometimes years of tooth damage, fillings and staining means that to create the perfect smile a more involved approach is needed to give you your celebrity smile. With minimal reduction to your existing enamel, porcelain veneers can be made and bonded to your teeth. As these are made in a laboratory, you can pick exactly how straight and white you want your teeth to look.

    If you would like more information on how to change your smile then speak to your dentist, call us on 01923 859678 or visit our website.


  4. Hygienist

    toothbrush n paste

     

    Hygienists are registered dental care professionals.

    Their main role is promoting good oral health through prevention and education.

    Hygienists are trained by undertaking an intensive 27 month full time course,   offered by a dental school/hospital or the armed forces dental schools. There are some minimum requirements needed to be able to apply for these courses and these include 5 GCSE’s   A-C, plus 2 A levels or a recognised dental nursing qualification.

    Once qualified, hygienists can work in various settings – for example, NHS or private practice, periodontal or orthodontic practice, hospitals, community service, education and research.

    In general dental practice hygienists will educate patients in the necessity of good oral hygiene and give diet advice. They will treat and help prevent gum disease by scaling and polishing the teeth and carefully monitoring the patient.  Hygienists can also apply topical fluoride and sealants to help prevent decay in children’s teeth.

    The role of the hygienist has greatly expanded over the last 15 years and their duties now enable them to administer local anaesthetic, take radiographs, place temporary fillings and cosmetically whiten teeth.

    If you would like to book a hygienist appointment you can now do this on our website using our online booking system!


  5. Cavities

    decay

    A dental cavity is a hole in your tooth caused by dental caries. Dental caries is also known as decay. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque. The bacteria produce acid that progressively destroys the tooth’s enamel and subsequently the underlying dentine.

    Plaque is a sticky pale yellow film that naturally develops on the teeth. It contains hundreds of different bacteria (commonly streptococcus mutans), food, saliva and other natural substances. It forms mainly in the pits and fissures of back teeth, in-between the teeth and near the gum line.

    For decay to develop there are four factors which are required:

    • 1. Susceptible tooth
    • 2. Bacterial plaque
    • 3. Food
    • 4. Time

    The normal resting pH of the mouth and plaque is approximtaley 6.8. This is neutral (i.e. neither acid nor alkaline).  When a susceptible tooth is exposed to frequent intakes of sugar and carbohydrates, the bacteria present in plaque produce lactic acid. This will then cause the pH level in the mouth to drop. When it reaches 5.5 (known as critical pH), an acid attack occurs.

    Tooth decay occurs in five stages:

    • 1. Acid from plaque dissolves the mineral in hard enamel. This is known as demineralisation. Saliva contains bicarbonate ions which have a buffering effect, therefore neutralising the acid; if no more sugar is consumed the pH returns to normal. This is known as remineralisation.
    • 2. However, if remineralisation does not occur, decay spreads through the enamel and an initial break in the enamel is formed.
    • 3. Decay spreads to the dentine and destroys it more rapidly than enamel because it is softer.
    • 4. If left untreated and the pulp cavity is reached, the pulp becomes inflamed and pain occurs. This is called pulpitis
    • 5. The pulp will die and the tooth will become non-vital. An abscess will then form and the tooth will then need root canal treatment.

    By visiting the dentist for regular examinations, it is possible to diagnose early signs of decay and treat it accordingly. If left untreated then root canal treatment or even extraction may ultimately be required.

    If you are worried that you might have a cavity or you haven’t been for your 6 monthly check-up, please click here to book an appointment with your dentist.


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