t:01923 859678
e:enquiries@dental-radlett.com
  1. Teeth staining and teeth whitening

     

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    Teeth staining can ruin a great smile.

    The truth is, what you eat and drink has a big impact on the whiteness of your teeth. Food and drink that can stain your teeth. Just think, anything that leaves a mark on your clothes can also stain your teeth.

    Sadly, some well-loved favourites top the list: Coffee, Tea, Red wine, Grape or cranberry juice, Blueberries, Soy sauce, Tomato sauce… No need to panic!! You don’t have to avoid these foods altogether but it is a good idea to cut down and brush or rinse your mouth thoroughly after enjoying them.

    As well as being bad for your health, smoking can cause a lot of staining on your teeth. The only way to get rid of the staining is by visiting a dental hygienist.

    Teeth whitening can transform the colour of your teeth quickly, painlessly and with no damage to the enamel. It has also been proven to increase self confidence! Remember, taking proper care of your teeth will help keep them looking bright and healthy.

    If your teeth are stained and would like it removed click here to book an appointment with your hygienist.

    If you are interested in teeth whitening please call the practice on 01923 859678.


  2. Dental Hygiene

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    This month at The Dental Clinic we are promoting good oral hygiene!

    Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your mouth. Your gums are the foundations for your teeth, they need to be healthy to support them. Gum disease is also linked to lots of other health problems such as diabetes and heart disease.

    If your gums are inflamed, red or bleed on brushing this can be an early sign of gum disease. Halitosis (bad breath) can also be a sign of bad oral hygiene. There are many ways to get your gums back to being pink and healthy.

    Here are some helpful tips below on how to maintain a healthy mouth!

    • Brush twice a day for at least 2 minutes with a fluoride toothpaste
    • Floss or use  inter-dental brushes at least every other day
    • Regular  visit your dentist (every 6 months)
    • Regular visit your hygienist (every 2-6 months depending on what your hygienist has recommended)
    • Eat a balanced diet and limit snacks between meals
    • If your gums bleed on brushing, ignore the bleeding! Keep brushing!

    A Dental Hygienist’s job is to help prevent and treat gum disease. They professionally clean your teeth and show you the best way to remove plaque. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. If not brushed away properly, this hardens to form tartar, which you can’t remove yourself.

    As well as offering our original hygiene clean, we now offer ‘The Gleam Clean’. This is for patients with heavier staining as a result of red wine/tobacco/coffee/tea use. This treatment includes the use of the ultrasonic scaler, hand instrumentation followed by an intensive air polishing jet.

    To book an appointment for a hygiene clean please call the practice on 01923859678.

     


  3. Halitosis

     

    Bad breath, or Halitosis, can be a social nightmare. For those affected by halitosis, the embarrassment caused can be a barrier which leads to withdrawing form close personal contact with people; be they loved ones, friends or work colleagues.

    The causes of halitosis are varied. Sometimes they can be the result of an on-going stomach problem or dietary intolerance. Occasionally it may relate to the mouth becoming dry if one becomes dehydrated.  However the vast majority of cases are related to the teeth and more usually the gums.

    If a tooth is decaying, food may get stuck in the space and this will produce a smell that will contribute to the bad breath.  In many (if not most) cases, bad breath is the result of gum disease. Gum disease is caused by plaque bacteria that accumulate at the gum margins of the teeth. These bacterial colonies will release toxins that make the gums bleed and in some instances draw back to make the teeth loose. It is this bleeding and these toxins that cause halitosis.

    Removing the causes of halitosis as opposed to masking the symptoms with mouthwashes is key to treating the problem. Mouthwashes may in the long term make the problem worse if it contains alcohol as this will dehydrate the mouth and add to the existing problem.

    If you are suffering from bad breath your first action should be to see your dentist. If a diagnosis of gum disease or tooth decay is made, the appropriate action can be taken such as seeing the dental hygienist or having a filling. In the majority of cases this will resolve the issues that you are having. In the event that gum disease or tooth decay is not deemed to be the cause of your halitosis, an appropriate referral may made, for instance to you GP.

    Halitosis is rarely un-treatable so don’t let your life be a misery. If you have bad breath, visit your dentist and regain your confidence.

    To book an appointment for a general check up click here.


  4. Does root canal therapy hurt?

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    We often find that the perception of pain is a barrier to some people electing to have root canal therapy when advised by their dentist. It is therefore worth understanding what root canal therapy is, why it is sometimes advised by your dentist and whether it is in fact a painful procedure.

    The nerve sensation that supplies feeling to your tooth is not a simple nerve entering the root of a tooth. It is in fact a delicate jelly-like mixture in the middle of the tooth root containing nerve fibres and blood vessels and this is called the pulp. It is not too dissimilar to the marrow inside your bones.

    When teeth are subjected to decay that is close to the pulp, or if a tooth is injured in some other way, this delicate pulp can die. The result is that the root chamber, known as the root canal, will be left with tissue products on which bacteria can feed and this in turn allows infection to occur.

    So why does a root canal infection hurt if the nerve has died? The pain associated with a root canal infection is due to the fact that the root canal is a closed system. This means that as the infection grows, the limited space makes the pressure build up and it is this increase in pressure that causes pain. In some case, a small channel will develop to the outside gum and a “gum boil” will allow the infection to drain out naturally, relieving the pressure. But in either scenario the source of the infection, the dead pulp tissue in the root canal, will need treating before the infection can be removed.

    The only way to save a tooth when the pulp dies is to remove the pulp. This is what root canal therapy does. In nearly all cases, the procedure will be painless. Good local anaesthetic techniques will mean that you will not feel anything that your dentist is doing. Occasionally, if you present with an acute infection and throbbing pain, the dentist may place a painkilling cream inside the tooth prior to the root canal therapy appointment. This will start to settle the infection so that on the day of the appointment the anaesthetic will work as described above. You really need not let the worry of pain prevent you from saving a tooth with root canal therapy.

    Here at the Dental Clinic- Radlett, to make the root canal appointment even more comfortable, you can pick from a large selections of films, dramas, comedies or documentaries to lighten the experience. If you ever have any questions regarding this or any other treatment, please feel free to ask your dentist.

    Book a check up appointment online now to help maintain healthy teeth.


  5. Another successful Kids Day!

     

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    Thursday 31st July saw another successful Kids smile fun day held at the practice. The whole day was dedicated to treating and educating children in a fun and relaxed environment.

    Michael the magician was back again to entertain the children with his fabulous magic tricks and balloon modelling! Tracey was also on hand to give oral hygiene and diet advice.

    Every child that attended the practice for their free check-up also received a raffle ticket for our prize draw which was held at the end of the day!

    Prizes included:

    1st prize: £50 amazon voucher

    2nd prize: £25 iTunes voucher

    3rd prize: Top of the range electric toothbrush

    Well done to all the winners!

    It was an extremely fun day and very rewarding seeing the kids enjoying themselves and taking in all the information from Simon, Stuart and Tracy!

    Don’t forget to make sure your children brush their teeth for two minutes twice a day, visit the dentist every 6 months and limit sugary food and drinks!


  6. Kids’ smile fun day

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    This month we will be repeating our highly successful kids’ fun day. Last held in March this year, this great event attracted a large crowd all eager to join in the fun.

    Kids’ fun day is designed to make a visit to the dentist fun and informative. Throughout the day, a children’s entertainer is on hand to wow the children with magic tricks and balloon modelling. Both dentists, Simon and Stuart, including our hygienist Tracy are also on hand for the entire day to offer free check-ups and group sessions to show the children how to keep their teeth healthy. These interactive sessions allow the children to ask questions and are encouraged to help them develop sensible hygiene and diet regimes.

    Primarily, the day is also designed to de-mystify the dental surgery environment and allow children to develop a positive experience to visiting our dental surgery, thus ensuring a willingness to regularly attend in the future. Studies have shown that early positive experiences in clinical settings at a young age are very important in the level of comfort adults feel at a dental surgery later on in life.

    In addition this year we are introducing a free raffle prize draw for every child attending the fun day with great prizes including Amazon and iTunes vouchers.

    Appointments can be booked in advance for your child’s free dental check up with Simon or Stuart. Alternatively you can turn up on the day to enjoy the children’s’ entertainer and join in one of the group oral health education sessions with Tracy which are held on the hour, every hour throughout the day.

    Our kids’ fun day is on Thursday 31st July from 10 am to 4 pm (with the practice closed between 1-2pm). We look forward to seeing you all on the day to help share the magic.


  7. Visiting The Dentist Whilst Pregnant

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    It’s important for you to take good care of your teeth and gums while pregnant. Pregnancy causes hormonal changes that increase the risk of developing gum disease which, in turn, can affect the health of your developing baby. You must clean your teeth carefully twice a day for two minutes, preferably with a small headed toothbrush to help prevent gagging if you feel nauseous.
    If you have morning sickness and you vomit, avoid brushing your teeth straight after and rinse your mouth out with plain water instead. Acid from the vomit weakens the enamel on your teeth, and brushing straight afterwards can cause tiny particles of enamel to be brushed away. It is best to brush your teeth an hour after.
    The first and second halve of the third trimester are critical times in the baby’s growth and development. Therefore, dental treatments should be avoided as much as possible as a precautionary measure. It is still important to go to see your dentist for your regular check-up.
    You must let your dentist know of the dosage and names of all your drugs you are taking. It is important you don’t take tetracycline when you are pregnant as it can affect the development of your child’s teeth.
    You should avoid having x-rays taken when pregnant. X-rays are short burst of radiation that can pass through body tissue. With advances in technology they are much safer now and use much lower dosages of radiation. The dentist will usually wait until you have had the baby to take x-rays even though most dental x-rays don’t affect the abdomen or pelvis area.
    If you would like to book an appointment to see your dentist or hygienist click here

  8. Oral Hygiene Month!

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    This month at The Dental Clinic we are promoting good oral hygiene!

    Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums.

    If your gums are inflamed, red or bleed on brushing this can be an early sign of gum disease. Halitosis (bad breath) can also be a sign of bad oral hygiene. There are many ways to get your gums back to being pink and healthy.

    Here are some helpful tips below on how to maintain a healthy mouth!

    • Brush twice a day for at least 2 minutes with a fluoride toothpaste
    • Floss or use  inter-dental brushes at least every other day
    • Regular  visit your dentist (every 6 months)
    • Regular visit your hygienist (every 2-6 months depending on what your hygienist has recommended)
    • Eata balanced diet and limit snacks between meals
    • If your gums bleed on brushing, ignore the bleeding! Keep brushing!

     

    To encourage our patients to see the hygienist we have a fantastic promotion during March! Every patient that books in to see the hygienist in March will receive a free fresh breath pack, free teeth whitening consultation and 50% off an electric Oral B toothbrush.  All you have to do is quote code “1001” when booking online or over the phone to receive this amazing offer!


  9. Kids Smile Fun Day

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    Last Thursday was our Kids Smile Fun Day! We dedicated the whole day to treating children, providing free dental check-ups, oral hygiene and diet advice plus we had a magician who kept the children entertained by making balloon models and performing magic tricks throughout the day!

    We all thoroughly enjoyed ourselves watching the kids laugh and having fun! We hope any children that are usually nervous and do not normally like coming to the dentist will now find it an enjoyable experience!

     

    How can I protect my child’s teeth?

    To reduce your child’s risk of tooth decay and dental erosion:

    •             take your child to the dentist regularly

    •             don’t give your child sugary or acidic foods and drinks often, and if you                  do then try to only give them at mealtimes

    •             encourage your child to brush his or her teeth twice a day with at least                   1,000ppm fluoride toothpaste

    •             encourage your child to spit out toothpaste and not rinse with water, as                  this reduces the effect of the fluoride

    •             ask your dentist about protective treatments such as fluoride                                      supplements and fissure sealants

    If you would like any further advice or would like to book your child in for a check-up please call the practice on 0192385 9678


  10. Same Day Smiles!

    Last week we welcomed Ashley Byrnes at our clinic who runs the award winning Byrnes dental laboratory in Oxford.

    Amongst other things, we discussed the start of a new and very exciting chapter for our practice. Working in tandem with Ashley and his team we have launched `Same Day Smiles` at The Dental Clinic Radlett.

    If you have an old denture or teeth that are failing, we can provide you with dental implants which are attached to your jaw and then we can fix a bridge onto the implants at the same visit. The laboratory work is carried out immediately and on-site. There is now no need to wear a denture whilst your gums heal following the extraction of teeth. The added advantage to placing implants immediately is that it maintains the shape of your jaw and gums which will result in a more natural smile. Furthermore, the unique facility of offering an on-site laboratory technician means that the cosmetic appearance can be designed and constructed with your input whilst the technician makes the bridge.

    The implants for `Same Day Smiles` are placed by an experienced specialist oral surgeon who has years of experience in making sure that the implants are correctly inserted with minimal discomfort and pin-point accuracy. All treatment is planned and coordinated by your dental surgeon to ensure a perfect and seamless transition towards your implant fixed smile.

    If life with a denture has become cumbersome or you have teeth that are failing because of decay or gum disease, same day implant teeth may be your passport to a new and confident smile.

    For more information or to book a free consultation, phone 01923 859678 or e-mail: enquiries@dental-radlett.com; alternatively please visit our website: www.dental-radlett.com to view our special offers or to book on-line.


  11. Kids smile fun day!

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    We are in the process of organising a day at the dental clinic just for kids!

    We will be open all day on Thursday 20th February just for children to give free diet advice, oral hygiene instruction and dental examinations.

    We will have a kid’s entertainer and children’s DVDs playing in both reception areas.

    If you find it hard to get your children to brush their teeth or to eat healthy foods, our Kids Smile Fun Day will be the perfect excuse to get your children to come for a free check-up and to be shown effective tooth brushing techniques; they will also learn about ‘good’ and ‘bad’ foods in a fun environment. Tracy our hygienist will be giving informative instructions and demonstrations on the hour every hour!

    YOU DON’T NEED TO BE REGISTERED WITH US! Even if you have not been seen for a long time or do not have a dentist… Don’t worry! Every child is welcome!

    Ring us now to book an appointment on 01923859678 or just pop in on the day!


  12. Toothache – Causes and Solutions

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    Toothache happens when the innermost layer of the tooth – called dental pulp – becomes inflamed. Dental pulp is made up of soft, delicate tissue that contains sensitive nerves and blood vessels.

    There are many different causes of toothache but the most common would relate to having tooth decay or cavities in which case a filling or extraction of the effected tooth may be necessary.

    Another main cause of toothache could be because the tooth has become infected and has an abscess.  This is where the nerve has become infected and you may require root canal treatment.

    Other causes of toothache are:

    • Sinus infection or inflammation

    • Periodontal (gum) disease

    • Tooth grinding

    • Impacted wisdom teeth

    • Cracked, chipped or broken teeth

    • Damaged fillings

    Depending on the cause of your toothache, the pain may subside on its own but if you have severe or chronic toothache that lasts more than a couple of days, you should contact your dentist for an appointment.  Your dentist will examine your mouth and may carry out an X-ray to try to identify the problem.

    The best way to avoid getting toothache and other dental problems is to keep your teeth and gums as healthy as possible. To do this, you should:

     

    •brush your teeth twice a day using fluoride toothpaste; gently brush your gums and tongue as well

    •clean between your teeth using dental floss and, if necessary, use a mouthwash

    •limit your intake of sugary foods and drinks; you should have them as an occasional treat and only at mealtimes

    •don’t smoke as it can make some dental problems worse

    Visit your dentist once a year for a dental check-up. Children should have a dental check-up every six months so that tooth decay can be spotted and treated early.

    If you would like to book a exam with your dentist please click here


  13. Black Tooth

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    A common reason why your tooth or teeth may appear black is because of staining. The more staining foods or drinks you have such as red wine, coffee, soy sauce and smoking, the quicker your teeth will stain. Also some mouthwashes can cause staining such as corsodyl. This is because they contain a chemical called chlorhexidine gluconate — an antiseptic designed to reduce bacteria and remove plaque, both of which can lead to bad breath. Visit your hygienist at least every 6 months to help maintain clean and white teeth.

    If you notice black shadowing between your teeth or on the biting surface of your teeth this could be a sign of decay. You must visit your dentist as soon as possible to get it checked out before the decay spreads.

    A dark, discoloured, black tooth is a sign your tooth may have died or is partially dead, this may have been caused by previous trauma or deep decay. Patients with a discoloured tooth often recall knocking their tooth in an accident some time ago which can then cause the nerve to die over time. This can actually take up to a few years for the tooth to change colour after trauma. The cause of the discolouration is thought to be decomposing blood products from the pulp inside the tooth.

    This usually means that you would need to have the nerve removed and the root filled. There are many different ways to improve the colour afterwards from internal bleaching of the tooth to a crown if the tooth is also quite broken. To help prevent trauma or injury to your teeth it is always recommended to wear a mouthguard when playing contact sport.

    If you need further advice or you are concerned click here to book an appointment with your dentist.


  14. Broken Teeth

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    Broken teeth can cause you panic and distress but no need to worry there are always options to restore your tooth!

    Although the enamel that covers your teeth is the hardest, most mineralized tissue in the body, its strength has limits. Falling, receiving a blow to the face, or biting down on something hard -particularly if a tooth already has some decay can cause a tooth to chip or break.

    If your tooth is chipped or broken, see your dentist as soon as possible. Leaving a broken tooth could cause further damage or it could become infected meaning the need for more extensive work and may result in losing the tooth.

    Treatment for a broken tooth will depend on how badly it is damaged. If only a small piece of the tooth has broken off, the repair is usually quite simple. A badly broken tooth may require a more a more complex treatment option.

    One option to repair a broken tooth would be to have a filling. There are two main types of fillings; amalgam and composite. Amalgam is a silver metal filling which contains mercury. Composite is a white filling material which is bonded to the tooth. It comes in a variety of shades to match your natural tooth colour.

    If your tooth is severely broken and does not have enough tooth structure left to withhold a filling your dentist may recommend having a crown. There are different types of crowns available. There are gold crowns, porcelain bonded to metal and all –ceramic crowns. Gold crowns may not be popular because of its appearance but they are known for their strength and durability. All-ceramic crowns are considered to be the best match with your own natural teeth. The transparent colour and lifelike shape ensures that it is unlikely to be noticed amongst your own natural teeth.

    If you have a broken tooth phone your dentist and they will be able to give you all the treatment options available or book an appointment online.


  15. Fillings

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    When a tooth has a hole that is created by either tooth decay eating away at the tooth tissue or because a piece of enamel has broken off, the tooth cavity needs to be restored with a filling.

    Apart from the discomfort derived from having the inner part of the tooth exposed to the elements, the darker inner part of the tooth looks unsightly and, most importantly, further deep decay can cause infections in the root leading to an abscess.

    The two most commonly used filling materials used for teeth fillings are amalgam and composite.

    Amalgam is silver in colour is made up of different metals which hardens when mixed with mercury. Their life expectancy is very good but bad press, associated with the worry of placing metals in the mouth, have caused a decline in their use. However, it should be noted that there is still no strong evidence to suggest that these filling materials are in any way deleterious to one’s health and there are still some situations where your dentist may safely recommend their use.

    Composite materials on the other hand contain no metals and are tooth coloured. They come in a variety of shades that can be matched to your tooth so that they become almost invisible. When filling front teeth this presents an obvious advantage over the more traditional amalgam fillings. Furthermore, under good operating conditions, these tooth coloured materials are bonded to the tooth surface, thus providing a firmly held filling.

    If you think you may have a hole in one of your teeth, or if you are experiencing sensitivity or pain that may be a result of a cavity, please contact your dentist to assess whether a filling is necessary. Click here to book an appointment online.

     

     


  16. Teeth Staining

    Cup of Coffee

     

    Teeth staining can ruin a great smile. The truth is, what you eat and drink has a big impact on the whiteness of your teeth.

    Food and drink that can stain your teeth

    Anything that leaves a mark on your clothes can also stain your teeth. Sadly, some well-loved favorites top the list:

    • Coffee
    • Tea
    • Red wine
    • Grape or cranberry juice
    • Blueberries
    • Soy sauce
    • Tomato sauce

     

    No need to panic!!  You don’t have to avoid these foods altogether but it is a good idea to brush or rinse your mouth thoroughly after enjoying them.

     

    Five ways to help reduce staining

    Drink through a straw. When you drink fizzy drinks, juice and iced coffee or tea, using a straw can help to keep the liquid away from the visible front surfaces of your teeth.

    Brush, floss and rinse. Plaque makes your teeth sticky and can help stains give something to hold on to. Brushing twice daily, flossing and using an antibacterial mouth rinse twice a day will help you fight plaque and therefore make your teeth less likely to stain.

    Have your teeth professionally cleaned. At least twice a year, make an appointment with a dental hygienist for a thorough cleaning. Clean teeth look brighter.

    Don’t smoke. Whether you chew it or smoke it, tobacco stains teeth.

    Professional Tooth Whitening: If your teeth have become stained or if they have always been discolored, whitening can transform their color quickly, painlessly and with no damage to the enamel.

    Remember, proper tooth care can help keep your teeth bright. So eat, drink, and be merry — and brush your teeth regularly.

    If you have stained teeth and would like it removed click here to book an appointment with your hygienist.

     


  17. Gum Disease

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    Gum Disease is a dental condition caused by plaque. Plaque is a virtually invisible film of bacteria which forms on all surfaces of your teeth on a daily basis. If plaque is not removed regularly and a good oral hygiene regime established, it will start to have an adverse effect on your gums and subsequently on your teeth.

    Initially you may not realise that you have gum disease (also known as gingivitis) because not everyone will experience symptoms but a regular check up with your dentist will be able to confirm this.

    The symptoms of gum disease are red and swollen gums which can bleed when you brush your teeth; you may also have an unpleasant taste in your mouth and bad breath.

    If you are showing signs of any of these symptoms you should visit your dentist or hygienist who will be able to treat and advise you.

    Treatment will involve cleaning the teeth thoroughly and removing the plaque and calcified plaque known as tartar or calculus. You will be given oral hygiene instruction which will teach you how to toothbrush effectively and how to use dental floss and /or interdental brushes.

    There are other factors which can increase the possibility of you developing gum disease and they are smoking and diabetes which can cause a decreased blood supply to the gums, and hormonal changes to the body caused by pregnancy or puberty.

    It is important for you to prevent gum disease and for you to maintain good oral hygiene, therefore regular visits to your dentist/hygienist every 3-6 months for routine cleaning are recommended.

    Click here to book an appointment with your hygienist.


  18. Hygienist

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    Hygienists are registered dental care professionals.

    Their main role is promoting good oral health through prevention and education.

    Hygienists are trained by undertaking an intensive 27 month full time course,   offered by a dental school/hospital or the armed forces dental schools. There are some minimum requirements needed to be able to apply for these courses and these include 5 GCSE’s   A-C, plus 2 A levels or a recognised dental nursing qualification.

    Once qualified, hygienists can work in various settings – for example, NHS or private practice, periodontal or orthodontic practice, hospitals, community service, education and research.

    In general dental practice hygienists will educate patients in the necessity of good oral hygiene and give diet advice. They will treat and help prevent gum disease by scaling and polishing the teeth and carefully monitoring the patient.  Hygienists can also apply topical fluoride and sealants to help prevent decay in children’s teeth.

    The role of the hygienist has greatly expanded over the last 15 years and their duties now enable them to administer local anaesthetic, take radiographs, place temporary fillings and cosmetically whiten teeth.

    If you would like to book a hygienist appointment you can now do this on our website using our online booking system!


  19. Cavities

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    A dental cavity is a hole in your tooth caused by dental caries. Dental caries is also known as decay. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque. The bacteria produce acid that progressively destroys the tooth’s enamel and subsequently the underlying dentine.

    Plaque is a sticky pale yellow film that naturally develops on the teeth. It contains hundreds of different bacteria (commonly streptococcus mutans), food, saliva and other natural substances. It forms mainly in the pits and fissures of back teeth, in-between the teeth and near the gum line.

    For decay to develop there are four factors which are required:

    • 1. Susceptible tooth
    • 2. Bacterial plaque
    • 3. Food
    • 4. Time

    The normal resting pH of the mouth and plaque is approximtaley 6.8. This is neutral (i.e. neither acid nor alkaline).  When a susceptible tooth is exposed to frequent intakes of sugar and carbohydrates, the bacteria present in plaque produce lactic acid. This will then cause the pH level in the mouth to drop. When it reaches 5.5 (known as critical pH), an acid attack occurs.

    Tooth decay occurs in five stages:

    • 1. Acid from plaque dissolves the mineral in hard enamel. This is known as demineralisation. Saliva contains bicarbonate ions which have a buffering effect, therefore neutralising the acid; if no more sugar is consumed the pH returns to normal. This is known as remineralisation.
    • 2. However, if remineralisation does not occur, decay spreads through the enamel and an initial break in the enamel is formed.
    • 3. Decay spreads to the dentine and destroys it more rapidly than enamel because it is softer.
    • 4. If left untreated and the pulp cavity is reached, the pulp becomes inflamed and pain occurs. This is called pulpitis
    • 5. The pulp will die and the tooth will become non-vital. An abscess will then form and the tooth will then need root canal treatment.

    By visiting the dentist for regular examinations, it is possible to diagnose early signs of decay and treat it accordingly. If left untreated then root canal treatment or even extraction may ultimately be required.

    If you are worried that you might have a cavity or you haven’t been for your 6 monthly check-up, please click here to book an appointment with your dentist.


  20. Tooth Sensitivity

    Smiling Lips 

    Tooth sensitivity describes a condition where either a tooth or a group of teeth become sensitive to temperature changes in the mouth.  Typically, a person will note that when having either a cold or hot drink, a short sharp pain will be felt in the sensitive area and this may last for anything form a split second to a few minutes.

    Sensitivity in a tooth or teeth is a sign that the protective barrier which shields the inner nerve of the tooth is lacking. The inner tooth tissue which forms the bulk and shape of the tooth is called dentine. This has a “honeycomb” like porous structure which allows for the transfer of air and fluids. Above the gum line, dentine is covered by non-porous enamel. Below the gum lie, the dentine is protected by cementum and the gum tissue.

    When either the enamel or gum tissue fails to provide adequate protection of the dentine, the nerve becomes exposed to changes in air and fluid pressure in the porous dentine. Lack of enamel may be caused by acid erosion; lack of gum coverage may be caused by recession. In either case, tooth sensitivity is the likely outcome.

    When tooth sensitivity occurs, it is important to see your dentist in order to diagnose why the sensitivity is happening. It is especially important to exclude the possibility that the sensitivity is being caused by dental decay, in which case a filling may be indicated. Where recession or thin enamel has been identified as the cause, your dentist may elect to apply a fluoride varnish which can help to reduce the sensitivity. Alternatively, commercially available products can help when used in a particular way and your dentist can show you the correct technique.

    Once the short term sensitivity has been treated, it is sensible to then try and treat the condition that has lead to the sensitivity. This may involve using a fluoride mouthwash to help stop further enamel thinning or placing  a small protective filling over exposed roots surfaces where the gum has receded.

    If you are worried about tooth sensitivity click here to make an appointment to see your dentist.

     


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