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Gum Disease

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Gum Disease is a dental condition caused by plaque. Plaque is a virtually invisible film of bacteria which forms on all surfaces of your teeth on a daily basis. If plaque is not removed regularly and a good oral hygiene regime established, it will start to have an adverse effect on your gums and subsequently on your teeth.

Initially you may not realise that you have gum disease (also known as gingivitis) because not everyone will experience symptoms but a regular check up with your dentist will be able to confirm this.

The symptoms of gum disease are red and swollen gums which can bleed when you brush your teeth; you may also have an unpleasant taste in your mouth and bad breath.

If you are showing signs of any of these symptoms you should visit your dentist or hygienist who will be able to treat and advise you.

Treatment will involve cleaning the teeth thoroughly and removing the plaque and calcified plaque known as tartar or calculus. You will be given oral hygiene instruction which will teach you how to toothbrush effectively and how to use dental floss and /or interdental brushes.

There are other factors which can increase the possibility of you developing gum disease and they are smoking and diabetes which can cause a decreased blood supply to the gums, and hormonal changes to the body caused by pregnancy or puberty.

It is important for you to prevent gum disease and for you to maintain good oral hygiene, therefore regular visits to your dentist/hygienist every 3-6 months for routine cleaning are recommended.

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